Die katholische Kirche in Deutschland stellt jungen Menschen Einsatzorte im entwicklungspolitischen Freiwilligendienst in der ganzen Welt bereit. Das Bistum Fulda beteiligt sich seit vielen Jahren an diesem Programm. Im Vordergrund steht für uns das Bemühen, jungen Menschen auf diese Weise eine Möglichkeit zu bieten, sich auf sehr konkrete Weise mit Kultur und Gesellschaft eines Landes auseinanderzusetzen und sich zu engagieren.
Für diesen Einsatz im Partnerland bieten die katholischen
Träger jungen Menschen eine umfassende Betreuung und Begleitung an.
Unser langjähriger Partner, das Bistum Hoima in Uganda, war bislang das Ziel für junge Menschen, die neun Monate in Ostafrika mit leben und mit arbeiten wollten.
Für die Entsendung 2016 haben wir eine Anfrage der Caritas in der Westukraine aufgegriffen. Die Einsatzplätze der Freiwilligen liegen in den Bistümern Iwano-Frankiwsk und Kolomyia-Chernivtsi - beide im Westen der Ukraine. Dort arbeiten die Freiwilligen in Einrichtungen der Caritas - in ganz unterschiedlichen Projekten - u.a. mit behinderten Menschen. Die Tätigkeiten umfassen sehr praktische Tätigkeiten in der Küche und der Essensausgabe in der Armenküche, im Freizeitprogramm mit den Bewohnern und/oder anderen Projekten mit Kindern und jungen Menschen. Der Auslandsaufenthalt geht von Oktober 2016 bis Juni 2017.
Im Jahr 2017/2018 wird das Bistum Fulda keine Jugendlichen entsenden.
Impulse für die entwicklungspolitische Inlandsarbeit setzen
Weltwärts fördert das Globale Lernen. Mit zahlreichen Erlebnissen und Erfahrungen kehren die Freiwilligen aus ihrem Auslandseinsatz zurück. Sie teilen ihre Erfahrungen mit anderen, nicht nur im persönlichen Umfeld, sondern auch an Schulen, im Verein und bei öffentlichen Veranstaltungen Das Erlebte wirkt oft lange nach und stellt Weichen für die Zukunft. Viele Freiwillige unterstützen nach der Rückkehr weiter das Projekt, in dem sie tätig waren oder die Arbeit ihrer Entsendeorganisation. Sie planen Aktionen mit anderen Rückkehrern und Rückkehrinnen und setzen sich gemeinsam für eine gerechtere Welt ein.
weltwärts fördert den Nachwuchs in entwicklungspolitischen Berufsfeldern. Im Verlaufe des Auslandseinsatzes erhalten die Freiwilligen einen Einblick in die Entwicklungszusammenarbeit. Sie erwerben Sprachkenntnisse und Kompetenzen in der interkulturellen Kommunikation sowie soziale Kompetenzen, Eigenschaften die in einer globalisierten Welt immer wichtiger werden. Der Dienst hilft vielen Freiwilligen bei der beruflichen Orientierung, viele entscheiden sich für ein Studium in einem entwicklungspolitischen Bereich und machen so die Entwicklungszusammenarbeit zu Ihrem Beruf.
Entsendeorganisation ist das Bistum Fulda, eine intensive Vorbereitung und Begleitung ist für uns von großer Bedeutung. Informationen finden Sie auf dieser Homepage und bei den unten angegebenen Kontaktpersonen.
Die Ziele von Weltwärts
WW ist ein entwicklungspolitischer Lerndienst. Der Freiwilligendienst ist offen für alle, die gegenseitiges Lernen und interkulturellen Austausch suchen.
Ein Projekt unterstützen
Während Ihres Auslandseinsatzes unterstützen die Freiwilligen ein konkretes Entwicklungsprojekt. Sie sind in eine lokale Partnerorganisation eingebunden und unterstützen diese bei ihrer Arbeit. Sie übernehmen zusätzliche Aufgaben, die die Organisation ohne das Engagement von Freiwilligen nicht leisten könnte.Oft entwickeln sie auch neue Idee und setzen eigene Aktivitäten um.
Interkulturellen Austausch fördern
Freiwillige aus Deutschland leben und arbeiten in Entwicklungs- oder Schwellenländern. Junge Menschen aus diesen Ländern engagieren sich in Deutschland. So wächst Achtung, Toleranz und Völkerverständigung. Die Freiwilligen lernen außerdem globale Abhängigkeiten und Wechselwirkungen besser zu verstehen. Sie reflektieren ihre eigene Kultur sowie persönliche Vorstellungen und Verhaltensweisen.
Unser Partnerbistum für den Freiwilligen Sozialen Dienst im Ausland (FSDA) war bislang das Bistum Hoima in Uganda. Dort lebten die Freiwilligen während ihres Einsatzes in Gemeinden der Diözese. Die Einsatzplätze wurden gemeinsam ausgewählt und beschrieben. Begleitet wurden die jungen Leute in Uganda von unserem Mentor, Pfarrer Joseph Ndiraba und natürlich von den Pfarrern an den einzelnen Einsatzorten.
Der Aufenthalt in Uganda beträgt 9 Monate. Im Anschluss an die Zeit im Partnerland, werden die Erfahrungen der Freiwilligen ausgewertet.
Im Dialog mit unserer Partnerorganisation lernen wir aus den Erfahrungen der Freiwilligen und entwickeln so unsere Zielsetzungen weiter.
Wer mehr wissen möchte über Uganda, über die Diözese Hoima, unsere Ziele und die Hintergründe der Partnerschaft - der kann das ausführlich nachlesen in dem Artikel, den Father Joseph zusammengestellt hat .......
HOIMA CATHOLIC DIOCESE.
PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE DIOCESES OF HOIMA AND FULDA.
BRIEF HISTORY AND CURRENT SITUATION
1.0 Brief History
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Hoima is a diocese located in the town of Hoima in the Ecclesiastical province of Mbarara in Uganda.
The Diocese of Hoima, whose evangelization was spearheaded by the Missionaries of Africa (White Fathers), was erected on 9 August 1965, being made up of areas cut from the then Fort Portal Diocese and Lubaga Archdiocese. It started with 7 Parishes: (Bukuumi (1894), Bujuni (1898), Bujumbura (1900), Nyamigisa (1911), Mugalike(1934), Kakindo (1952) and Munteme (1958), there are now 38 Parishes. The first Bishop was Rt. Rev. Cyprian Dr. Kihangire who later became the first African Bishop of Gulu and died on 1 November 1990. The last bishop was Rev. Dr. Deogratias Muganwa Byabazaire. He was born at Karujubu, Masindi District, on 9 October 1941. Bishop Deogratias Byabazaire was ordained Bishop (Coadjutor) on 18 August 1990 and installed Bishop of Hoima on 9 March 1991.He died 8 February 2014 morning.
The Rt. Rev. Lambert Bainomugisha who is now the Apostolic administrator of the Diocese of Hoima was born 12 July 1961 at Kashumba, Bukanga. On 2 July 2005 he was appointed Auxiliary Bishop, Archdiocese of Mbarara and also appointed Titular Bishop of Tacia, Montana. On 13 November 2009 Pope Benedict XVI appointed him Apostolic Administrator "sede plena et ad nutum Sanctae Sedis" of Hoima Diocese.
2.0 The Diocesan Profile
Hoima Diocese lies in the mid-western region of Uganda. It covers the entire Kingdom of Bunyoro Kitara. It is com-prised of five political districts of Buliisa, Hoima, Kibaale, Kiryandongo and Masindi. It borders with Gulu Archdiocese and
Lira Diocese and in the North, Mityana and Fort Portal Dioceses in the South, Kasana Luwero and again Mityana dioceses in the East and Bunia diocese in Democratic Republic of Congo across Lake Albert in the West. The diocese covers a total area of 18,578.2sq Km, while 3,241.47sq km is covered by water bodies.
About 25% of the entire population are settlers and refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, the Sudan, and other national ethnic groups.
The diocese has got three vicariates now headed by Episcopal Delegates, eight deaneries and 38 fully established parishes and two pastoral Centres. Pastoral Centres are almost like parishes with a resident parish priest and curate; only that they are not yet declared so canonically. Hoima Vicariate covers the entire District of Hoima comprising of Bujumbura and Munteme Deaneries with 11 parishes. Kibaale Vicariate covers the whole of Kibaale District and has got Bukuumi, Kakindo and Mugalike Deaneries with 17 parishes. While Masindi Vicariate covers Buliisa, Kiryandongo and Masindi Districts and is composed of Kigumba, Kitana and Nyamigisa Deaneries with 12 parishes.
The following are the major diocesan departments that facilitate the smooth running of diocesan activities:
Pastoral, Liturgy, Construction; Youth; Pontifical Mission Societies; Women & Gender development; Health; Lay Apostolate Movements; Communication; Caritas (development); Catechists’ Ministry; Finance; Priestly & Religious Vocations; Justice and Peace; Lands & Environment
2.3 Priests and Seminarians
Currently (June 2015) we have a total of 155 priests working in Hoima Diocese, 250 Major Seminarians (that includes 14 Deacons) plus 135 minor (junior) Seminarians.
Out of the total population of the region which is estimated to be slightly over two million people, about 820,000 (41%) are Catholics. The diocese has got a growth rate of 5.5%. By the year 2000, the entire region of Bunyoro that is covered by the Diocese was estimated to have got 256,458 households of which over 96% are rural. The region has a total fertility rate of 7 and life expectancy of 48.4 years. The infant mortality rate was 102/1,000 while the maternal mortality rate was 525/100,000 live
birth. Teenage pregnancy was at 16% adolescent deliveries at 29% and the figure of women at high risk at birth was at 29.8%.
The population of the Diocese is heterogeneous in nature having about 56 ethnic groups. Only 1.12% of the total opulation use Electricity for lighting and most of these are in urban centres. The biggest proportion of the population (98.88%) uses
wood fuel for lighting and cooking.
2.5 Development challenges facing the Diocese
is the chief reason for lack of development in the Diocese. Over 70% of the entire population are poor with earnings less than half of the national average. Food insecurity, inability to meet basic needs, sale of the few assets owned, intermittent borrowing and sometimes without repaying, extensive alcoholism, malnutrition, early pregnancies and marriages, high school dropouts have been the effects of poverty in the diocese.
2.5.2 Housing facilities
Housing facilities are also inadequate in the region.
Many houses especially in urban centres can be seen ill-planned and constructed. Homesteads are widely scattered and housing is constructed using mud or wattle with grass thatched roofing. Of the 256,458 households that were estimated in the year 2000, 92% of them are rural, 12% live in mud and grass thatched huts, 38% stay in dwelling units constructed more than twenty years ago; 22% live in semi-permanent houses and only 12% live in permanent houses, and most of these are in towns.
Illiteracy levels are very high. 23% of the entire population is illiterate. This has caused a low productivity of labour supply in the Diocese. Most of the people’s activities are neither achievement oriented nor enterprising. They offer unskilled and cheap labour and are remunerated cheaply and thus have a low investment capacity. What is earned in a day is usually consumed and sometimes more is consumed than what has been earned leading to vicious cycle poverty.
Illiteracy is higher among women compared to men in the diocese. The gap between male and female school enrolment is wide and increases at higher education levels. Currently, 42% of the primary school children, 35% of the secondary school students and only 1% of the technical school students are females. Lower literacy levels among women thus restrict them from accessing relevant information for their development.
As regards to gender as a whole, women in the diocese are very vulnerable and women headed households are the poorest. The girl child has been particularly vulnerable due to defilement, traditional bias and traditional workload which reduces her time for concentration on formal education. 21% of the women in the Diocese are un-productive, they are either poor or young or disabled or too old to work. 32% classify themselves as purely housewives and only 0.8% are employed in senior positions in the region. The majority of the working women are unpaid family workers yet their workload exceeds that of men by several hours a day.
2.5.4 High dependency ratio
Currently the ratio of dependants per family is at 1:6 per active person. The dependency ratio has been made worse by the increasing number of refugees in the region. Most of the refugees are not engaged in lucrative activities. Their incomes are low and they live in very poor conditions.
2.5.5 Land availability and use in the diocese is limited
Of the total area only 11,212.17 (60%) is land area available for utilization. Wetlands, dry-lands, water bodies, rocks, hilly areas, forests, national park and wildlife reserves form the other 40%. Only 27% of the available land is used in the annual plantation of crops. Gross cropping land available is about 0.6 hectares per inhabitant. The locally available technology and high dependency ratio affect the optimal utilisation of land. Land holding is common in the diocese where by the central government, parastatals, churches and absentee landlords have leased the land leaving most of it idle. This is most evident in Kibaale and Masindi districts.
2.5.6 There is low agriculture/ livestock production
The estimated average crop production per household is about 4 tonnes per annum. However, if appropriate and advanced methods of production were employed, the region would be in position to export the surplus on top of being self-sufficient. Due
to the use of obsolete methods of production, negative attitudes towards agriculture and unskilled subsistence farmers, agriculture has not been a lucrative business in the diocese. Cattle and other domestic animals keeping is inappropriate.
In an effort to improve on the productivity and household income, various social economic activities have greatly affected the state of natural resources and environment in the diocese. Lack of soil conservation practices has led to soil erosion
and land gradation, over grazing, charcoal burning, Lumbering, Clearance of trees for agricultural production and bush fires have all aggravated the problem.
2.5.7 Poor housing and transportation means and infrastructure.
throughout the region is not in good condition. Maintenance and opening up of more roads is necessary in order to enable the increasing population to access social services such as education, health centres and markets.
2.5.8 HIV/AIDS scourge
is yet another challenge that has continued to affect the lives of people in the diocese. A communication gap between the parents and adolescents at all levels has continued to exist. Modernisation has led to the breakdown of the traditional family set up, which used to impart some knowledge. This has resulted into inaccurate information being passed into adolescents causing a high AIDS prevalence among them.
3.0 Endowments of the Diocese
Although there are several challenges faced by the diocese, there are abundant existing opportunities and endowments that if well tapped and put to full use, poverty can be history among the people in the diocese
3.(i) The rich culture of Bunyoro:
The Second Vatican Council opened the doors of the church and greatly promoted inculturation and adaptation. Since then, religion and traditional cultures go hand in hand. Thanks to the canonization of the Uganda Martyrs when the Ugandan (African) traditional drums and music were sounded in the Vatican. In the history of Africa, Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom boasts of its rich cultural endowments in form of tradition, music, dance, drama and folklore. Prof. Mbabi Katana, a renowned professor of music in Africa once rightly said ‘’ there is no history of Africa without the history of Bunyoro’’. However there is an urgent need for the industrialisation of the valuable cultural assets in order to promote the Bunyoro Cultural Heritage. Conscious efforts must be taken to research into, preserve, develop and transmit cultural values and heritage as the springboard for development.
3.(ii) Fertile soils:
Hoima Diocese is endowed with fertile soils containing adequate organic matter suitable for agricultural productivity. In the exemption of the low lands that are covered by alluvial and lake deposits, the soils of the region are of ferralistic type. The soils are of adequate depth and with rich humid topsoil. The granitic soils such as clay deep loams, shallow loams, red clay loams and brown gravely clay loams support a variety of crops to be grown. Crops mainly grown in the diocese are bananas, cassava, tobacco, coffee, maize, beans, tea, upland rice, vanilla, cocoa, vegetables, millet, groundnuts, sweet and Irish potatoes, and soya beans. The diocese has the capacity and potential to be the food basket of Uganda.
3.(iii) Favourable Climate:
The Diocese has a favourable climate suitable for agriculture. It enjoys a bi-modal rainfall type, which varies between 800mm-1500mm per annum. Rainfall comes in march-may and August –November. Throughout the region, there are high rainfall zones (1000m-1500mm) medium rainfall zones that receive between 800mm-1000mm and lower rainfall zones that receive less than 800mm especially those that boarder with the rift valley. This bi-modal type of rainfall coupled with favourable weather conditions results into a conducive rain fed agricultural production throughout the year. There are two planting and harvesting seasons in a year for various food and cash crops.
3.(iv) A Wonderful Vegetation.
The diocese has got three broad categories of vegetation namely; the modified equatorial type which used to be equatorial vegetation in nature but has been modified as a result of human activity. There is also the wooded savannah mosaic that forms a transitional zone from the modified equatorial vegetation to Savannah grassland. The Savannah grassland is typical in areas where human activity has modified the wooded Savannah mosaic. Lastly, thereare thick forests such as Bugoma and Budongo. These together with the elephant grass in the region provide a diverse habitat for a Variety of birds and animals.
3.(v) Abundant Water Bodies.
The Diocese is greatly endowed with adequate surface and subsurface water reserves. There are many rivers both seasonal and all weather. Currently these are not optimally conserved, developed and tapped. They include Lake Albert, Victoria Nile, Lake Maiha and Kiyanja (These are small lakes in Masindi District); Rivers Kafu, Waki Muziizi, Nkusi, Mbaya, Ruzaire, Rwigo,
Mpongo, Mpamba, Mutunguru, Wambabya, Bigajuka and others. There are also undeveloped power generation points that include Siipi falls, Karuma falls andMuziizi Falls.
3.(vi) A Variety of Wetlands.
Wetlands form boundaries for most political, cultural and religious administrative units of the region. They are also a good source of raw materials for the handcraft industry, which mainly employs women. There are a number of such wetlands some of which are permanent and others seasonal.
Rudimental fishing is also done in these wetlands by the adjacent communities especially mud fish which is a delicacy and nutrition boost. Wet lands are a good source of clay and sand evidenced by various brick making and sand excavation points that employ the male youth. Permanent wetlands ease development of safe water sources especially deep and shallow wells since they act as water reservoirs.
However, all these have not been adequately tapped and utilised by the local communities to improve on their household incomes.
3.(vii) Natural forest reserves:
A variety of tree and shrubs species do exist in Budongo and Bugoma forests, which are untapped treasure for the region. More still there are potentials of forest vegetation, which can be used to develop medicinal herbs that can be used to control and combat some diseases. A deep study is needed, who knows, possibly the drug or vaccine to prevent and cure HIV/AIDS lies in the beautiful vegetation of Hoima Diocese!
3.(viii) Mineral resources:
The region has got a number of un-exploited mineral resources. It only oil that has been explored and among all the discovered oil wells, the highest number is in Bunyoro. More than 3.5 billion barrels of oil have been so far discovered and the government is in high gears of entering into the production phase.
The Diocese enjoys the privilege of hosting the refinery. Apart from oil discovered in the Abertine Graben, there is also salt in Kibiro and Iron ore. However, given a thorough geological survey of the area, there is a possibility of finding other mineral resources lying un exploited in the region.
3 (ix) Private sector and NGO support:
The Diocese enjoys a great contribution from civil society organisations, faith based organisations and non-governmental
organisations. These have made a tremendous contribution in areas of primary education, health, nutrition, environment, road infrastructure, production, community development, capacity building, water supply and rural finance credit.
3 (x) Government good will and support.
The diocese like any other religious institution in Uganda enjoys government good will and support. There are many diocesan founded schools that are aided by government, and many diocesan health facilities that are supported by the government. The good will of government is not only in the health and education sectors but in other sectors of social services. This is a strong opportunity that the diocese can utilise to further develop its agenda.
3. (xi) Training Institutions/schools:
Although there is a remarkable lack of university and tertiary education institutions in the diocese, there are a number of
training institutions owned by the diocese and other individuals and organisations. By the year 2006, the available data shows that there were 712 primary schools with an enrolment of 361,614 pupils and 6,554 teachers. Of these teachers over 60% were grade III and 21% were untrained licence teachers.There were 126 secondary schools with an enrolment of 25249 and 2016 teachers. Of these teachers 69.2% were diploma holders and 19.7% untrained license teachers and the remaining were graduates. There are very many other educational institutions that have been added onto these figures, including Kigumba Petroleum Institute.
4.0 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PARTNERSHIP.
Hoima applied to be the local partner in the weltwaerts programme of the Diocese of Fulda in Uganda because of the good relationship between the Dioceses dating mor than 10 years ago.
The volunteers live mostly in parishes in the rural areas. We mainly offer this possibility because the parishes provide a lot of possibilities finding activities according to the interest and the capacities of the volunteers. As well the parish is well equipped and prepared to host the volunteers concerning accommodation, food and safety. They provide proper introduction, work and support.
People of the villages benefit from their presence because they symbolize the “door to the world.” The villagers experience that Europeans are interested in their conditions of life. It is easy to get in touch with people. Even the language will be no problem: English is understood almost everywhere.
The longtime presence of the youth will enhance intercultural understanding. The stay contributes to a deeper awareness of development issues in our society and directs our attention to the global responsibility for the future. As a local partner, the Diocese can provide access to many activities in the rural area to come close to the culture; in order to give an understanding for the way of life and the main topics of the people in this part of Uganda. It is necessary to promote in the communities for their support in terms of learning , education and training . The volunteers contribution in the education area will be appreciated because they can give some kick-offs for new methods of teaching and learning.
The responsable persons in the Diocese want to work in close cooperation with the Diocese of Fulda on the basis of clear agreements and goals.
The partnership between the diocese of Hoima and the diocese of Fulda is set out to make possible efforts to ally with different parishes and development organizations in the diocese of Fulda aimed at evangelization and other economic activities in order to reduce poverty among the Christians in the diocese of Hoima. All the stakeholders in the development of the diocese of Hoima are to form a partnership agreement aimed at the reduction of poverty in the region. The regional poverty reduction partnership agreement will set out strategies and interventions for poverty reduction. The diocese of Hoima believes that lack of access to development resources opportunities significantly narrows the range of feasible options for
Diocese's and parishes direct involvement in poverty reduction. Accordingly, the Partnership between the two dioceses shall focus on the support of pro-poor sustainable economic growth through pro-poor infrastructure and environmental improvement projects, by promoting a vibrant private sector in the diocese of Hoima to create jobs and by undertaking policy studies and other knowledge products related to poverty.